Gender and female sexuality are defined by the dominant social group (men) through a socialisation process mediated by family and community, school, church and the media.
In practice, this has come to mean male dominance/female subordination.
Traditionally, the husband is expected to be the main breadwinner, chiefly responsible for the financial sustenance of the family, and the wife is "queen of the home".
As she takes care of the budget and "holds the purse strings" (the husband usually hands over his monthly pay to the wife and gets a regular allowance from her), she is seen as a power to reckon with in the family.
In the course of researching material for this paper, two aspects stand out for comment: One, is the vast amount of material written by and about the situation of Filipino women at home and abroad.One piece is a tapis of Bontoc weave from the Cordillera region in the north, the other, a malong from Mindanao in southern Philippines.Two very different pieces in style and design, they illustrate the cultural diversity of the peoples of our country. In Changing Lenses, their recent publication on women and media in ten countries across the Asia-Pacific region, Isis confirms that in the Philippines violence against women remains a deeply-rooted problem in society.The 1995 fourth periodic report for the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) showed that from December 1992 to November 1995, "cases of rape and other incidences of violence against women have been increasing but only a small number of offenders are apprehended and convicted."  In this paper we quote at length from the book Womens Health and the Law, an excellent resource on legislation, policy and programs related to womens health in the Philippines which is written in accessible language despite the necessity of legal references.