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The chief rabbi received his salary from the community and was de facto under the council's authority.With the establishment of Greater Lebanon (1920), the Jewish community of Beirut became part of a new political entity.Within six years, the Beirut community created a general assembly, an elected twelve-member council, drafted communal statutes, appointed a chief rabbi, and appointed committees to administer taxation and education.The process involved tension and even conflicts within the community, but eventually, the community council established its rule and authority in the community.In 1911, Jews from Italy, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Egypt and Iran moved to Beirut, expanding the community there with more than 5,000 additional members.Articles 9 and 10 of the 1926 Constitution of Lebanon guaranteed the freedom of religion and provided each religious community, including the Jewish community, the right to manage its own civil matters, including education, and thus the Jewish community was constitutionally protected, a fact that did not apply to other Jewish communities in the region.
The community also maintained welfare services like the Biqur-Holim, Ozer-Dalim, and Mattan-Basseter societies.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the territory of the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali extended into present-day Lebanon as far as Sidon in the north.
These tribes formed part of the united Kingdom of Israel and then the northern kingdom of the same name. 732 BCE and deported its population, a fate which befell the rest of the northern kingdom in c. The New Testament also refers to Jesus's sojourn around Mount Hermon which appears to take for granted Jewish presence in this locality.
During the Greater Lebanon period, two Jewish newspapers were founded, the Arabic language Al-Alam al-Israili (the Israelite World) and the French Le Commerce du Levant, an economic periodical which still publishes (though it is now owned by non-Jews).
The Jewish community of Beirut evolved in three distinct phases.
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During this period, the community lacked some of the fundamental institutions such as communal statutes, elected council, welfare and taxation mechanisms.